A mountain bike is a bicycle designed for riding off the road. With a good and sturdy mountain bike you are able to travel through rocks, washouts, go down steep hillsides, dirt paths, and other rough roads. These bicycles are created in order to stand up to severe off-road use and well made mountain bikes are able to overcome obstacles like logs and rocks. Most mountain bikes use wheels that have rims that are 559mm in ISO size, informally known as “26-inch”, however the term is imprecise because it covers so many rim and tire sizes to become substantive. Wheels utilized on mountain bikes usually use wide, knobby tires for good traction on uneven terrain and shock absorption. Since 2000, front wheel suspension is the norm and full front and rear suspension is now increasingly common. Some mountain bikes may also be fitted with bar ends about the handlebars to provide added control for climbing hills.
- Fully rigid: A frame having a rigid fork and a fixed rear, and these mountain bikes come with no suspension.
- Hardtail: A frame having a front suspension fork with no rear suspension.
- Soft tail: A frame with a minimal amount of rear suspension, triggered by flex from the frame of the bicycle frame rather than pivots.
- Dual suspension or full suspension: A front suspension fork and rear suspension having a rear shock and linkage that permit the rear wheel to go on pivots.
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